Homemade dog food recipes Preparing vegetarian dog food or vegan food for your precious dog and knowing what dog supplements are needed for his/her optimal health may seem scary and intimidating.  Homemade dog food recipes need not be daunting nor only for  the expert chef.  Here is a basic dog supplement guideline from Dr. Ben E. Sheffy, James A Bake Institute for Animal Health, Cornell University.

Recommended Content of Dog Foods
Young Adult
Pregnant Bitch
Working or Stressed Adult
Puppy or Lactating Bitch
Protein 16% 20% 24%
Fat 10% 12% 14%
Carbohydrate 44% 38% 32%
Calories from protein 20% 24% 28%
Vitamins and minerals A B C
A – Values recommended by the National Research Council
B – Values for “A” plus 10%
C – Values for “A” plus 10%

Here’s a list of some helpful supplements…

  • Alfalfa
  • Kelp
  • Wheat Germ
  • Protein Powder use only a good, complete protein power which will help provide all amino acids)
  • Omega 3s
  • Omega 6s (Linoleic Acid)
  • Calcium * (adding too much will achieve opposite desired affect and bones won’t be strong enough)
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin D (egg yolk, milk, spinach)
  • Acidophilus (Probiotic)
  • Nutritional Yeast (Contains 52% protein, rich in B vitamins, folic acid, 18 amino acids, 15 minerals)
  • Beta Carotene (Carrots, Yams – think orange)
  • Vitamin A (sweet potatoes, carrots, mangoes, spinach, cantaloupe, milk, egg yolks, mozzarella cheese)
  • Glucosamine
  • Vitamin E (found in bran, vegetable oil and wheat germ)
  • Vitamin B (all types) (found in whole grains, green vegetables, nuts, beans, yeast)
  • Vitamin K (okra, spinach, beets, cucumber)
  • Choline (eggs, soybeans, beets, spinach)
  • Chromium (potatoes, garlic, broccoli)
  • Cobalt (milk, B12 source)
  • Copper (garbanzo beans, tempeh, soybeans)
  • Inositol (beets, blackberries, cauliflower, lima beans)
  • Iodine (salt)
  • Iron (brown rice, kidney beans, chick peas, tofu, potato (w/ skin on), spinach, watermelon)
  • Lecithin (soybeans, wheat germ, nutritional yeast)
  • Magnesium (bananas, artichokes, oat bran, beans, cornmeal, tomato paste)
  • Methionine*- an amino acid

* see protein powder and nutritional yeast

  • Phosphorus (peanuts, wheat bran, wheat germ, yogurt, cheese)
  • Potassium (most fruits, spinach, potatoes, carrots broccoli, green beans)
  • Selenium (rice, wheat flour, oat bran)
  • Xanthophyll (egg yolks)
  • Zinc (protein rich foods like beans, peanuts, etc.)

A quality multi-vitamin would be a good place to start.  ALWAYS make sure you know the source of your supplements.  Anything can say “Natural”, but that is not always so.  Look for manufacturer’s that make vitamins from a food source not from a synthetic source when possible. (?)

Whether you prepare a meat-based or a vegetarian/veggie diet for your dog, ensure you include the necessary supplements for an optimal diet to provide your dog’s daily nutrient requirements.

As you can see from the above list, your dog can get many of the necessary dog supplements from food directly and as long as you make or purchase a well-balanced food, your pooch will be enjoying a tasty, healthy and sustainable meal!  WOOF!


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